Raspberry Pi vs Beaglebone

Raspberry Pi and Beaglebone both are single-board computers. Raspberry Pi runs on the Linux ARM version and Beaglebone runs on the Linux OS version. Refer below to differentiate more about them!

What is Raspberry Pi?

The Raspberry Pi is a low-cost, credit-card-sized computer that plugs into a computer monitor or TV, and uses a standard keyboard and mouse. It is a capable little device that enables people of all ages to explore computing and to learn how to program in languages like Scratch and Python. It’s capable of doing everything you’d expect a desktop computer to do, from browsing the internet and playing high-definition video, to making spreadsheets, word-processing, and playing games.

What is Raspberry Pi?

What’s more, the Raspberry Pi has the ability to interact with the outside world and has been used in a wide array of digital maker projects, from music machines and parent detectors to weather stations and tweeting birdhouses with infra-red cameras. We want to see the Raspberry Pi being used by kids all over the world to learn to program and understand how computers work.

Raspberry Pi is a single-board computer that runs on the Linux ARM version. And it is available in different variants and with a variety of RAM compatibility. The only available variant of Raspberry Pi is Raspberry Pi 4 Model B. Below are some of the common features of Raspberry Pi 4 Model B.

What is Beaglebone Black?

The Beaglebone Black (BBB) is just like a Computer, which comes in a compact package with a processor, graphic acceleration, memory, and all the required ICs soldered to form a single circuit board. Hence, it is also referred to as a Single-Board Computer. It uses a powerful processor called Sitara AM3358BZCZ100 which is based on an ARM Cortex-A8 processor with 1GHz AM335x. The Beaglebone Black Microcontroller is illustrated in the figure below.

Beaglebone Black

This Beaglebone Black Microcontroller board will provide all the necessary connections for the display, Ethernet Network, Mouse, and Keyboard. The booting of this processor is done by using Linux OS.

This tool is mainly utilized by the researchers to design complex projects and learn about the Linux Operating System effectively. This Beaglebone Black is similar to the Beaglebone with extra features. The operating speed is faster and it is widely used when compared to the Beaglebone. It is used in robotics, IoT projects, and automation at the development level.

The beaglebone black does not require any extra operating system to be installed by the user. The beaglebone black comes with a Debian version of Linux, where you will be presented with a Linux terminal. In the terminal, you can run the common Linux command and operate the beaglebone black as per your commands. For interfacing the beaglebone black with the external sensors and actuators, the programming has to be done. Normally, the beaglebone black is also programmed using the python programming language using a beaglebone black GPIO module. The beaglebone black comes with 69 GPIO pins.

For getting started with the Beaglebone black, you need to have a monitor or TV, Keyboard, and a 5V power supply. If you have these materials with you, then you are good to get started with the beaglebone black. Just connect your beaglebone black with a 5V 3A DC power supply to the barrel jack provided on the beaglebone blackboard. Using a micro HDMI cable connect the beaglebone black to the monitor which has HDMI compatibility. A keyboard is required for giving the inputs to the board. 

Difference between Raspberry Pi and Beaglebone black

Specification

Raspberry Pi 4 Model B

Beaglebone black

Processor

Broadcom BCM2711, quad-core Cortex-A72 (ARM v8)

64-bit SoC @ 1.5GHz

Sitara AM3358BZCZ100

ARM Cortex-A8

RAM

1GB, 2GB, 4GB or 8GB LPDDR4 (depending on model)

512MB DDR3L

Wifi connectivity

2.4 GHz and 5.0 GHz IEEE 802.11b/g/n/ac wireless

LAN,

-

Bluetooth connectivity

Bluetooth 5.0, BLE

-

Ethernet capability

Gigabit Ethernet

10/100, RJ45

USB

2 Ă— USB 3.0 ports

2 Ă— USB 2.0 ports.

i. HS USB 2.0 Client Port


ii. HS USB 2.0 Host Port

GPIO pins

Standard 40-pin GPIO header

92 GPIO female connector

Video ouput

2 Ă— micro HDMI ports (up to 4Kp60 supported)

Micro HDMI ports 1280x1024

Display and camera ports

2-lane MIPI DSI display port

2-lane MIPI CSI camera port

-

Audio output

4-pole stereo audio and composite video port

Audio and video using HDMI

Graphics

OpenGL ES, 3.0 graphics

SGX530 3D, 20M Polygons/S

Storage and type

Micro SD card slot for loading operating system

and data storage

4GB on-board storage using eMMC,

microSD card slot

Input power supply

5V DC via USB-C connector (minimum 3A)

5V DC via miniUSB

Powering through GPIO

5V DC via GPIO header (minimum 3A)

5VDC External Via Expansion

Header

Powering through Ethernet

Power over Ethernet (PoE)–enabled

-

Operating temperature

0–50º C

0-60Âş C

Dimensions

85.6 mm x 56.5 mm

86.36mm x 53.34mm

UART

6

5

I2C

6

2

SPI

5

2

SDIO

1

-

DPI (Parallel display)

1

1

PWM

2

8

 

Pros and Cons of Raspberry Pi 4:

Pros:

  1. It is affordable: The Raspberry Pi 4b is very low cost as compared to a desktop. The Raspberry Pi can be replaced with your PC to perform day-to-day tasks that you can do on your PC. The Raspberry Pi 4b is available at a very low price as compared to the other Linux boards.
  2. Low power consumption: The Raspberry Pi is merely a small computer that doesn’t need a lot of electricity to power up its small components. On top of that, this computer is only powered by one single board, which won’t end up eating a ton of power.
  3. Small: The Raspberry Pi is small in size, the same size as the credit card. So, if you have a particularly small space and if your desk is already full of different stuff, you can take advantage of the Raspberry Pi’s smaller frame.
  4. Easy to use: The Raspberry Pi was specifically designed to cater to the needs of kids who wanted to learn basic programming at an early age without the risk of bricking or breaking a costly family computer. As such, Raspberry Pi was specifically designed to be easy to use because how it was designed for kids or even for people with little to no knowledge and experience regarding programming. So, if you want something that’s simple, a Raspberry Pi computer should be a good choice for you.
  5. Great for smaller tasks: If you are using a computer for simple tasks that don’t require a ton of power such as typing word documents, you are in luck because Raspberry Pi should be more than enough for your needs as it has the capabilities and free software that will allow you to create word documents. This makes it quite useful for those who only use their computers for smaller tasks.

    Cons: 

    1. Limited in its function: The Raspberry Pi is only a single-board computer that was made and designed for children and for basic computer literacy. It will be great for basic tasks like programming, office work, and web browsing, but not much more.So, if you want a computer that is capable of doing more tasks such as playing recent games and doing heavy tasks, then a Raspberry Pi computer shouldn’t be your first choice.
    2. Slow: You can’t expect a single-board computer to have lightning-fast speeds. That said, Raspberry Pi computers generally have slower processing speeds compared to the actual and more expensive computers on the market. In that sense, you shouldn’t expect a Raspberry Pi to deliver you quick results if you are in a hurry or if you are doing plenty of different tasks that would easily eat up its memory and make it work slower.
    3. Bad for larger tasks and for bigger businesses: If you are using your computer for your job or your business, there might be some instances that a Raspberry Pi would be useful especially if you are only using computers for simple tasks and processes that don’t necessarily require a powerful computer, however, if you are already doing larger and more complex tasks or if you are running a bigger business, a Raspberry Pi computer won’t be useful because it doesn’t have the power and the capacity to help you in any of those due to its limited capacity and capabilities.
    4. Bad for multitasking: We live in a fast-paced world that can sometimes demand us to do plenty of different things at the same time. And most jobs require us to do several tasks on one computer. As such, we need something that can help us multitask. Sadly, a Raspberry Pi computer isn’t powerful enough to help you handle multiple tasks on a single computer. So, for those who are looking to multi-task frequently, a Raspberry Pi wouldn’t be the best choice because it mainly has the capabilities to handle simple tasks.

    Features of Raspberry Pi model B:

    Processor: Broadcom BCM2711, Quad-core Cortex-A72 (ARM v8) 64-bit SoC @ 1.5GHz

    RAM: 1GB, 2GB, 4GB or 8GB LPDDR4-3200 SDRAM (depending on model)

    Connectivity: 2.4 GHz and 5.0 GHz IEEE 802.11ac wireless, Bluetooth 5.0, BLE

    Ethernet: Gigabit Ethernet

    USB compatibility: 2 USB 3.0 ports; 2 USB 2.0 ports

    GPIO pins: Raspberry Pi standard 40 pin GPIO header

    Video output: 2 Ă— micro-HDMI ports (up to 4kp60 supported)

    Operating system: Linux based OS and comes with a MicroSD card for loading operating system and data storage

    Power supply:

    • 5V DC via USB-C connector (minimum 3A*)
    • 5V DC via GPIO header (minimum 3A*)

    The Raspberry Pi comes equipped with an SD card slot. This slot allows us to insert an SD card that is flashed with your favorite OS. The OS is loaded to the SD card using an official Raspberry Pi Imager software. The Raspberry Pi just needs a monitor or a TV, Mouse, Keyboard, and 5V DC 3A power supply. If you have all these required materials with you, then you are good to use the Raspberry Pi and build your project. The codes for interfacing the external sensor and actuators are written in the python programming language.

    Features of Beaglebone Black rev c:

    Processor: Sitara AM3358BZCZ100 1GHz, 2000 MIPS

    RAM:  512MB DDR3L 800MHZ

    Connectivity: No wireless connectivity. But the beaglebone black wireless variant comes with WiFi compatibility.

    Ethernet: 10/100, RJ45

    USB compatibility: 

    • HS USB 2.0 Client Port: Access to USB0, Client mode via miniUSB
    • HS USB 2.0 Host Port: Access to USB1, Type A Socket, 500mA LS/FS/HS

    GPIO pins: 

    While the BBB supports up to the 69 GPIO pins, in reality, the majority of the pins are being used by the onboard system processes such as the board’s HDMI and LCD abilities.

    Video output: 16b HDMI, 1280x1024 (MAX).

    Operating system: Linux-based OS and comes with a MicroSD card slot for loading operating system and data storage.

    Conclusion: 

    By now we have seen in detail, the 2 Linux boards which run on embedded Linux OS. When it comes to choosing the right one for your needs. All the things about the boards have to be considered. The Raspberry Pi is most commonly used for using it as a Graphical user interface computer. And also used for developing embedded systems and IoT projects. And Raspberry Pi has n built-in WiFi and Bluetooth, which makes the Raspberry Pi even more useful. While the beaglebone black comes with a decent amount of RAM which is sufficient to run the Linux Debian OS. The beaglebone board comes with GPIO pins more than the Raspberry Pi, which is more suitable for developing embedded systems and IoT projects. Well, it depends on the application while choosing the right board for you.

    Also Read - Arduino VS NodeMCU

    Frequently Asked Questions

    1. Does the beaglebone black board comes with wifi?

    The built-in wifi facility is not present in all the variants of beaglebone black. But it comes with ethernet compatibility, which is used to access the internet. But if you require a built-in wifi beaglebone black board, then the beaglebone black wireless variant will be a very good choice.

    Components and Supplies

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    Frequently Asked Questions

    1. Does the beaglebone black board comes with wifi?

    The built-in wifi facility is not present in all the variants of beaglebone black. But it comes with ethernet compatibility, which is used to access the internet. But if you require a built-in wifi beaglebone black board, then the beaglebone black wireless variant will be a very good choice.

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