Basic Electronic Components 

Resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes, and transistors are examples of basic electronic components. Resistors are used in circuits to impede the passage of electrical current and to regulate the voltage. Capacitors are devices that store electrical charge while also smoothing out voltage swings. Inductors are employed in circuits to store energy in the form of a magnetic field and to filter out undesired frequencies. Diodes are used to enable just one direction of electrical current to flow and to safeguard circuits against voltage spikes. Transistors are the primary building blocks of integrated circuits and are used to amplify and switch electrical signals.

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Electronic components are essential building blocks used to control electrons or their associated fields in electronic systems. These components are tangible, mass-produced items and should not be confused with abstract electrical elements. Electronic components feature multiple electrical terminals that link to other electronic components through wires to form a circuit with a particular function.


Basic electronic components include resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes, LEDs, transistors, crystals and oscillators, electromechanical components such as switches and relays, ICs, and connectors. Resistors limit current flow, capacitors store electrical energy in an electric field, and inductors store electrical energy in a magnetic field. Diodes permit current to flow in only one direction, while LEDs emit light when current flows through them, and transistors amplify or switch electronic signals. Crystals and oscillators create precise frequencies, and electromechanical components such as relays and switches manage the flow of electricity. ICs, also known as integrated circuits, are miniature electronic circuits containing various components on a single chip. Connectors link different electronic components together.


It is crucial to understand the various basic electronic components when designing and creating electronic products. It is also important to consider the component parameters when selecting electronic components and to be aware of standard sizes and shapes of components during the electronic product design and manufacturing process.

If you are looking for electronic components buy online consider checking our electronic components collection page with featured categories include LEDs, resistors, oscillators, diodes, potentiometers, basic components, switches, integrated circuits, joysticks & keypads, wires and connectors, prototyping boards, buzzers & sirens, transformers, and heat sinks all can be used as electronics spare parts.



Active and Passive Components difference:

Active ComponentsPassive Components
Active Components give power to to the circuit.Passive Components accept power from the power source in the circuit.
Active Components Produce energy in form of Voltage and Current.Store energy in form of Voltage and Current.
Examples: Diode, Transistor, SCR, ICs etc.Examples: Resistor, Capacitor, Inductor etc.

Basic Electronic Components Prices in India

Basic electronic component type 



9 - 49


65 - 65


11 - 52


13 - 235


12 - 79


145 - 325




1. What are the 4 basic types of electronic components?

Basic electronic components are capacitors, resistors, diodes, transistors, etc. These parts can be powered by a signal generator and a DC power supply. Basic components are used in DIY electronic components.

2. What is the difference between active element and passive element?

Active components have a change in potential and are connected to The Battery. Passive components do not have a change in potential. A resistor is an active component because it reacts to the addition of current (i) by allowing the current to flow through the terminals.  Because of this, a resistor (R) is also known as a blocking device.  The internal element of a diode is able to make or break current flow depending on whether voltage is applied to its terminals (V). 

Active components are electronic circuits that change their outputs when voltage is applied to them.  Passive Circuit components are not changed by the input voltages and output current varies as a function of the input voltage.  Active components add their own power supply, while passive components only take power from other sources.  Active Electronic components get their energy from a battery or other power source. Passive Electronic components use the current going through them to create electricity. The most common type of active component is a resistor, which limits the flow of current through it when voltage is applied to it. A diode prevents one side of an electrical circuit from conducting while letting the other side do so. A capacitor stores energy in its electrodes and then releases it again it keeps more charge on one plate than the other two plates combined and forces electrons to move in one path as opposed to another, releasing static electricity when connected to an alternating current source. A power supply transforms batteries with steady voltage into higher voltages in order. 

3. How to test basic electronic components using a multimeter?

Testing basic electronic components using a multimeter is an essential part of troubleshooting and diagnosing electrical faults. The process involves setting the meter to measure specific parameters such as resistance, current or voltage and connecting it directly to the component in question. Depending on what parameter needs testing, there are several methods for making accurate measurements: measuring resistance with continuity tests; testing diodes by reading ratios between two reads; checking capacitors by disconnecting terminals while monitoring readouts; evaluating inductors through AC frequency readings etcetera. With its safety features designed specifically to protect sensitive instruments from damage caused due overheating during overloads, understanding how Multimeters work can save time when dealing with complex electronics maintenance tasks - another example of why having quality tools close-at-hand plays such an important role in professional grade repairs!

4. What is the name of flux used for soldering electronic components?

Soldering is the process of joining two metallic surfaces together with a metal alloy. Flux is an important component in soldering, as it helps create strong bonds and prevents oxidation. Rosin flux is commonly used for electronic components due to its low cost and effectiveness at removing oxides from conductive surfaces which can interfere with electrical connections. The acidity level also needs to be balanced enough that it won’t corrode or damage sensitive parts but effective enough that will promote proper wetting during solder flow - making rosin-based flux ideal for electronics soldering applications involving resistors, capacitors, connectors or other delicate items where cleanliness and uniform flows are critical factors ensuring successful results.

5. What is a system of interconnected electronic components or circuits?

A system of interconnected electronic components or circuits is a group of individual elements that work together to create a consistent output. It can be used in many applications including telecommunications, medical instruments, and consumer technology products such as smartphones and smartwatches. A well-functioning design requires careful consideration when creating the layout and connections between each component or circuit so they all interact with one another correctly. Components include resistors, capacitors, integrated circuits (ICs) and transistors which allow energy to flow through them in order for operations like signal amplification, filtering or switching signals on/off quickly to occur efficiently. With advancements being made daily these types of systems are becoming increasingly important for modern day industries operating within numerous sectors around the world!

6. What is basic electronic components?

Basic electronic components are the building blocks of everyday electronics. They consist of resistors, capacitors, transistors and integrated circuits (ICs). Resistors reduce electrical current in a circuit by providing resistance to electrons as they flow through them; capacitors store energy for later use; transistors act like switches which can amplify or cut off an electric signal depending on their configuration; and ICs integrate several core function onto one chip such as amplifiers, logic units and converters. All these different types work together to form complex digital systems that make modern life possible – from computers designed specifically for gamers, phones with advanced features including high-definition cameras to cards that contain all your banking information necessary for buying online. As technology rapidly advances both in commercial applications consumers rely heavily upon basic electronic components every day without ever realizing it!

7. How to identify electronic components?

Identifying electronic components can be a challenging task. To get started, it is important to familiarize yourself with all the different types of parts and how they are typically sold. After that, you should define what specific specifications each component needs based on your project objectives—including size, tolerance range, power requirements and any other necessary technical details. Once those criteria have been determined then research into suitable models available from trusted sources becomes an option. It's also helpful to consider feedback from users who have tested or used similar products before making a purchase decision in order to ensure suitability for purpose but use logic rather than conjecture as your ultimate guide when identifying electronic components!

8. What do passive electronic components do?

Passive electronic components are essential components in any circuit. Without them, the circuits would not function correctly and power could be lost or discharged unsafely. These components allow for resistance to current flow while also enabling electrical signals to pass through without degradation or interference from other sources of energy like magnetic fields. They can also act as filters which block certain frequencies from entering a system while passing desired frequencies on unchanged allowing engineers more control over their signal processing routing decisions. Passive electronic components have grown increasingly popular among modern electronics designers because they offer reliable performance at low cost compared to active counterparts such as transistors and integrated circuits making them an ideal choice for both commercial grade applications including consumer products and military-grade equipment alike.

9. What is date code for electronic components?

A date code is an essential marking for electronic components, as it's used to track lifecycle and shelf life of products. It often comes in the form of a two-dimensional barcode that imparts valuable information about when the component was manufactured or shipped; where it came from and who provided it. This type of coding also allows manufacturers to keep better control over stock purchases, with some companies even using specialized software programs to help them manage their inventory more efficiently and stay organized. Date codes are invaluable tools in keeping all kinds of electronics up-to-date so they can continue offering reliable performance - making them an integral part any modern business' operations.

10. When do we conduct the test of electronic components?

Electronic components are an integral part of any system and it is important to conduct tests on them in order to ensure their safety, reliability, performance and durability. Test cycles can range from one-off testing or short bursts of activity over a given period of time depending upon the complexity of the component. It could also involve periodic tests at fixed intervals for checking structural integrity as well as ongoing operational validity testing which involves long-term use scenarios such as conditions associated with temperature variations. Depending on what needs to be tested, we may need resources like diagnostic tools in addition specialized equipment relevant to different areas like microelectronics etc. The frequency & duration thus vary widely based on product life cycle stages too so that continuous improvements can be made accordingly throughout its usage span eventually leading better user experience all round!

11. How do electronic components work?

Electronic components are the foundation of modern electronics. They work by connecting and transferring electrical signals between electronic devices, such as computers or televisions. The way they function is based on their design and construction; this includes factors such as wiring connections, type of material used in production, voltage levels required to operate correctly and other component characteristics that affect performance. Understanding how these parts interact with each other to create a larger piece helps us comprehend complex systems within our world today. Each component plays an important role in any circuit model whether it be powering up your home appliances or controlling traffic lights worldwide! By combining all types of small components together engineers can build incredible structures like space shuttles – proving just how powerful understanding basic circuitry really is!

12. What is pitch in electronic components?

Pitch is a key metric in determining the quality of electronic components. Pitch describes how densely packed pins are within an integrated circuit, and is measured by millimeters between centerlines on adjacent pins or leads. Different pitches enable different types of connections to occur with other components, allowing for more complex projects that require multiple signals over several points. Manufacturers typically focus acutely on achieving precise pitch values when building devices because slight variations can mean failure in device constructions; too small a value may not securely connect two parts together and too large will create voids which could lead to short-circuiting or impaired performance if left unchecked.

13. How to check basic electronic components?

Checking basic electronic components is not always simple. It requires special knowledge and tools to ensure accuracy when testing the functionality of a component. First, prepare by gathering all necessary resources such as test leads, probes and other measuring instruments like multimeters or oscilloscopes which can measure voltage or current levels from various sources. Make sure they are working properly before use. Next, identify the suspect component based on its type number printed on it; consult an appropriate datasheet if available for more information about how your particular part should behave under normal operation conditions. Finally, take readings with your devices in order to determine whether each device works correctly according to their specifications - noting any discrepancies that may indicate malfunctions or premature failure due diligence performance tests help avoid undue surprise repairs down the road!

14. How to find equivalent electronic components?

Finding equivalent electronic components can be a daunting task, especially for those inexperienced in the field. However, with the right know-how and resources it doesn't have to be difficult. Begin by researching your component online, noting any important specifications such as nominal voltage ratings or power rating. Once you are sure of these requirements then look up the equivalents available on sites like Digi-Key Corporation which offer datasheets and pricing information at competitive prices from several different manufacturers all over the world .Make sure that when searching for an alternative part , always double check if its parameters will measure up to what is required by your design before making a purchase decision. With this methodical approach, one should easily find suitable replacements without compromising their project's performance standards!

15. How to clean electronic components?

Cleaning electronic components is an important part of maintaining their longevity and performance. To ensure the best possible outcome, one should use a gentle cloth for wiping off surface dirt or dust from all equipment before beginning any further cleaning process. One must also avoid abrasive materials such as steel wool pads, which may damage protective coatings on some electronics surfaces that help to minimize electrostatic discharge (ESD). Next, using a lint-free cloth soaked in rubbing alcohol or another type of plastic safe cleaner solution can provide sufficient sterilization without damaging most plastic covers found on typical consumer devices like computers and televisions. Lastly, pressure air cans are often recommended when looking to remove more stubborn dirt build up inside cooling fans and other tight corners where traditional cleaning methods may not be feasible due to limited access points. With proper maintenance procedures followed correctly over time - your tech will thank you!

16. What is the importance of electronic components?

Electronic components play an essential role in modern technology. They are the building blocks that allow us to create complex products and services across industries, from healthcare and communication systems to home entertainment systems. These integral parts power the everyday experiences of consumers with their digital devices or appliances - making them faster, more efficient and reliable than ever before. Electronic components provide features such as wireless connectivity, multimedia capabilities, data transmission over various protocols on a design device level. Their importance lies not only in providing new levels of performance but also extremely cost-effective solutions for businesses who seek innovation on tighter budgets while simultaneously meeting industry standards like safety regulations or environmental requirements for sustainability measures.

17. How to store electronic components?

Storing electronic components effectively takes a bit of time and effort, but doing so pays off in the long run. The key is to keep all parts organized in an easy-to-access manner. For starters, specialize each storage area for specific types of electronics or projects; this allows you to quickly find what you are looking for without needing to search through everything else first. Additionally, label bins carefully with information such as part number and model data if needed – it saves a lot of hassle down the line when troubleshooting later on! Finally, be sure that any sensitive items like PCBs or IC chips are kept away from foreign particles which may damage them over time–this includes dust buildup inside drawers or containers due to poor ventilation around stored goods too. Taking these simple steps can help ensure your project runs smoothly while protecting valuable hardware until ready for use again!

18. What protects the internal electronic components from damage?

Protection of internal components is essential for preserving the integrity and longevity of electronic devices. Quality design, as well as materials used in production are key considerations when looking to secure protection against damage. Engineering-grade solutions such as physical shielding barriers ensure that external forces do not interfere with vital circuitry while heat dissipation technology helps disperse any built transpiration levels over a greater surface area away from delicate components. Additionally, dust filters help keep debris out of sensitive electronics by physically trapping them underneath microscopic crevices – all working together towards enhanced safety measures ensuring optimum performance which can only be achieved through dedicated protection against various eventualities damaging valuable equipment beyond repair or rehabilitation costs!

19. When placed into a circuit, how are electronic components usually connected?

When placed into a circuit, electronic components are usually connected in series or parallel configurations. In series connections the current flows through each component in succession, while with a parallel connection each component has its own pathway for the flow of electricity. If one component fails it will not cause other components to fail because they're all on different pathways from this perspective. With most circuits having both types of connections present you'll be sure that even when something goes wrong there's still enough power flowing throughout to keep your electrical devices running as intended without compromising their longevity and operation capacities either.

20. What is the shelf life of electronic components?

The shelf life of electronic components is an important factor to consider when designing and purchasing these products. Different types of electronics have different expected lifespans, depending on the materials used in their construction. In general terms, it's safe to say that most properly stored and handled certified parts should last a considerable amount of time before expiring or degrading in performance due to age-related factors such as corrosion or oxidation from air exposure. If manufacturers provide specific recommendations regarding storage practices for any given product during its use cycle; following those instructions can help lengthen component lifespan considerably –so long as they remain within manufacturer guidelines for temperature, humidity levels, etc.—which all play key roles in determining how long each part will last under ideal conditions.

21. How to avoid counterfeit electronic components?

To avoid counterfeit electronic components, it is important to buy products from a reputable seller. As industry standards for reliability and quality vary between manufacturers, verifying the origin of your purchased parts can be difficult but should factor into every purchasing decision you make. Spend time researching potential suppliers and look for reviews or other indicators that their parts are authentic before making any purchases. Additionally, consider buying in bulk when possible as this will help reduce the chance of getting fake items due to many vendors selling non-genuine goods at lower prices on individual orders. If feasible, always try to get original manufacturer’s certification which further ensure production authenticity prior too delivery of materials into inventory stores until needed in manufacturing process lines later down stream completing all assembly operations required per component designs specs expectations results eventually satisfied customers demands end consumers markets demand today!

22. How to check electronic components on board?

To accurately check electronic components on board, it is important to have the right tools and skills. Firstly, one should disconnect all power from any device being checked. Then they must use visual inspection of the component to look for signs such as corrosion or discoloration which can indicate a problem with that particular part. If necessary other testing equipment like multimeters may be used to measure resistance in order to detect problems further down circuit boards where components connect together . Once an issue has been identified then either replacing defective parts or re-soldering connections is necessary dependent upon severity of fault indicated by these tests conducted. Finally following basic safety procedures when working around live circuits are critical for safe operation without damaging nearby components while fitting new parts etc.

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