What Is BME680 Sensor: Specification & Working

What Is BME680 Sensor: Specification & Working


Do you want to learn how to use the BME680 sensor to take your projects to the next level? if the answer is yes, then Check out this comprehensive blog which covers everything from what it is, to features, operational range, accuracy and how to use it in your projects. So Don't miss out on the opportunity to learn about this amazing BME680 sensor with this blog post.

What is the BME680 Sensor?

The BME680 is a gas sensor that combines high-accuracy pressure, humidity, and temperature sensors. It is invented by BOSCH, particularly designed for wearables and mobile applications where small size and low battery consumption are essential criteria. Depending on the particular working mode, the BME680 ensures optimum consumption, long-term stability, and strong EMC resilience. A wide variety of gases, such as volatile organic compounds, can be detected by the gas sensor built into the BME680 to assess air quality for personal well-being.  


BME680 sensor


It has a tiny MOx (metal-oxide) sensor in it. It can be used to monitor air quality and identify gases and alcohols including ethanol, alcohol, and carbon monoxide because the heated metal oxide changes resistance based on VOCs in the air. So the BME680 can function as a completely independent environmental sensor. 



  1. A sensor can sense pressure, humidity, and VOC gases. 
  2. Additionally, it is capable of measuring temperature with a 1.0-degree celsius accuracy, barometric pressure with an absolute accuracy of 1% hPa, and humidity with a 3% accuracy. 
  3. To detect gases and alcohols like ethanol and carbon monoxide and assess the quality of the air, heated metal oxide changes resistance dependent on the volatile organic compounds (VOC) in the air.


BME680 Operation Range

  1. Operating range of Temperature: -40~+85‚ĄÉ
  2. Operating range of Humidity: 0-100% r.H.
  3. Operating range of Pressure: 300-1100hPa


How Accurate is BME680

The BME680 sensor can sense pressure, humidity, and VOC gases. Additionally, it is capable of measuring temperature with a 1.0-degree celsius accuracy, barometric pressure with an absolute accuracy of 1% hPa, and humidity with a 3% accuracy. To detect gases and alcohols like ethanol and carbon monoxide and assess the quality of the air, heated metal oxide changes resistance dependent on the volatile organic compounds (VOC) in the air. 


The gas sensor provides you with a qualitative understanding of the presence of VOC gases in the air. As a result, you may compare your data, identify patterns, and determine whether the air quality is improving or declining. Must calibrate the sensor against reliable sources and create a calibration curve to obtain accurate readings.


BME680 Pinout




Powers the sensor


Common GND


SCL pin for I2C communication

SCK pin for SPI communication


SDA pin for I2C communication

(MOSI) pin for SPI communication


SDO (MISO) pin for SPI communication


Chip select pin for SPI communication

How to use the BME680 Sensor?

Any microcontroller can be interfaced with the BME680 using SPI or I2C protocols to sense and transmit sensor data. Here's a brief guide to working with Arduino.

Connection for SPI protocol:

#define SCK pin_no;

#define MISO pin_no;

#define MOSI pin_no;

#define CS pin_no;


Above commands for SPI data communications but I2C default connection with A4 and A5(A4 - SDA, A5 - SCL).

Circuit Diagram

Here I am going to connect with the I2C protocol. You can follow the SPI protocol as well by initializing mentioned above pin description.


Circuit Diagram for BME680 Pinout


To use the library first, download and install the BME680 into the Arduino IDE. After installation, include the library to sketch the code, also follow this way to get code from the library by clicking Files> Examples> BME680>DemoI2C or you can also copy the below code to your IDE.


#include "Zanshin_BME680.h"  


BME680_Class BME680;  


float altitude(const int32_t prs, const float seadepth = 1013.25);

float altitude(const int32_t prs, const float seadepth) {


  static float Altitude;

  Altitude =

      44330.0 * (1.0 - pow(((float)prs / 100.0) /  seadepth, 0.1903));  

  return (Altitude);



void setup() {



#ifdef __AVR_ATmega32U4__      



  Serial.print(F("Starting I2CDemo example program for BME680\n"));

  Serial.print(F("- Initializing BME680 sensor\n"));

  while (!BME680.begin(I2C_STANDARD_MODE)) {  

    Serial.print(F("-  Unable to find BME680. Trying again in 5 seconds.\n"));



  Serial.print(F("- setting 16x\n"));

  BME680.setOversampling(TemperatureSensor, Oversample16);  

  BME680.setOversampling(HumiditySensor, Oversample16);      

  BME680.setOversampling(PressureSensor, Oversample16);    

  Serial.print(F("- with four sample setting filters\n"));


¬†¬†Serial.print(F("- Setting gas measurement to 320\xC2\xB0\x43 for 150ms\n"));¬† // "ÔŅĹC" symbols

  BME680.setGas(320, 150);  


void loop() {

  static int32_t  temp, humidity, pressure, gas;  

  static char     buf[16];                        

  static float    alt;                            

  static uint16_t loopCounter = 0;                

  if (loopCounter % 25 == 0) {                    

    Serial.print(F("\nLoop Temp\xC2\xB0\x43 Humid% Press hPa   Alt m Air m"));

    Serial.print(F("\xE2\x84\xA6\n==== ====== ====== ========= ======= ======\n"));  


  BME680.getSensorData(temp, humidity, pressure, gas);  

  if (loopCounter++ != 0) {                            

    sprintf(buf, "%4d %3d.%02d", (loopCounter - 1) % 9999,  

            (int8_t)(temp / 100), (uint8_t)(temp % 100));    


    sprintf(buf, "%3d.%03d", (int8_t)(humidity / 1000),

            (uint16_t)(humidity % 1000));  


    sprintf(buf, "%7d.%02d", (int16_t)(pressure / 100),

            (uint8_t)(pressure % 100));  


    alti_tude = altitude(pressure);                                              

    sprintf(buf, "%5d.%02d", (int16_t)(alti_tude), ((uint8_t)(alti_tude * 100) % 100));  


    sprintf(buf, "%4d.%02d\n", (int16_t)(gas / 100), (uint8_t)(gas % 100));  






In this blog post, we have learned that The advent of the BME680 Sensor has upended the landscape of environmental sensing with its unparalleled abilities to measure temperature, humidity, pressure, and air quality with an unparalleled level of precision. The BME680 operates within an expansive range and offers readings of an accuracy that's unmatched, rendering it a revolutionary tool for an array of applications. So, why linger in ignorance? Unleash the full potential of the BME680 and embark on an exploratory journey today!


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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What does BME680 measure?

The BME680 represents an unprecedented level of technological innovation, effortlessly combining four vital environmental sensors into one compact package. This sensor not only gauges temperature, pressure, and humidity, but delves into the realm of air quality, utilizing both gas and pressure sensors to measure volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with unrivaled accuracy. Its readings offer a tantalizing glimpse into the inner workings of indoor air, providing the tools necessary to take control and elevate indoor air quality to new heights of comfort and refinement.

2. Can BME680 measure CO2?

No, BME680 is a sensor that measures temperature, humidity, pressure, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) but does not measure CO2.

3. What are the applications of BME680?

The BME680, a paragon of low-power sensor technology, stands at the forefront of indoor environmental monitoring systems, IoT devices, and smart homes alike, with its exceptional ability to gauge temperature, humidity, pressure and indoor air quality. This marvel of engineering transcends mere measurement, delving into the intricate realm of air quality parameters such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Its unparalleled capabilities have made it an indispensable tool for discerning individuals who demand the utmost precision in their environmental monitoring needs.

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