The protocol was developed by Espressif Systems. It is similar to the 2.4 GHz wireless connectivity deployed in wireless keyboards and mouses.

Why use ESP-Now?

  1. No need of a Wi-Fi network made by a router
  2. Low-power consumption protocol
  3. Prior pairing of devices required
  4. After initial pairing, the connection is incessant
  5. Peer-to-peer connection, without the constraint of handshake
  6. Supports a maximum of 20 peers

Program Flow: Master

Program Flow: Slave


Note: Master and slave have been defined to easily understand the setup. Based on the ESP-Now API, there is no concept of master and slave. Any device can act as a master or a slave.

Let us now see a simple application of ESP Now. Make the circuit connections as shown below. Download the code from the link(s) mentioned below.  Upload the code for master and slave devices to their respective ESPs. Here, the data from the digital IR sensor is being sent to the slave from the master. A global variable is being used to set the GPIO pin to high or low, based on the data received from the master. Subsequently, the LED and buzzer connected to the GPIO are set accordingly.

Fig. 1 - Master

Fig. 2 - Slave


Link for the Programs:


The following link to ESP Now Programming Guide by Espressif will help you in understanding each of the functions included in the ESP-Now library:



Grab your ESP 32 Development Board here

Grab your ESP 8266 Here

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