Robotics Engineering: What is it and Types

Robotics Engineering: What is it and Types


Explore the cutting-edge world of Robotics Engineering in our latest blog! Uncover the essence of Robotics in Artificial Intelligence, delving into the 'Why' and 'What' behind this exciting field. Discover the pivotal role of Robotics Engineers, the path to becoming one, and the seamless integration of Robotics and Automation. We'll also unveil the diverse branches within Robotics, providing a comprehensive overview. Ready to embark on a journey into the future? Read on to decode the realm of Robotics Engineering!


Robotics is an expansive field of engineering and technology focused on the design, construction, and operation of robots. Robots are programmed machines capable of carrying out complex series of actions with little to no human input. The integration of robotics across various industries has revolutionized automation, augmenting human capabilities in unprecedented ways. From constructing precision manufactured goods to performing delicate surgical procedures, robots are being deployed for an ever-growing range of applications. The importance of robotics continues to rise as the technology becomes more sophisticated and accessible.

Robots excel in roles that may be unsuitable, dangerous, or inefficient for human workers. Their mechanical nature allows them to operate tirelessly in hazardous environments like nuclear power plants, space exploration missions, and underwater construction projects. Robots can take over repetitive and tedious tasks in factories or warehouses that humans find unstimulating. Their ability to maintain uninterrupted productivity with extreme precision boosts outputs and minimizes errors. Advances in artificial intelligence, motion sensors, manipulators, and neural networks are pushing robotics towards even greater capabilities. As a result, robots are streamlining operations and enhancing safety across aviation, healthcare, agriculture, security, and more. The study of robotics offers the opportunity to shape the future of automation and its integration for the betterment of society.

What is Robotics in Artificial Intelligence?

Robotics represents an application domain of artificial intelligence concerned with empowering machines to perceive, reason, and act upon the physical world. While AI focuses broadly on training systems to mimic human cognition, robotics focuses on embedding such intelligence in mechanical devices. Robotics integrates AI developments like machine learning, neural networks, computer vision, natural language processing, knowledge representation, motion planning and more to construct robots capable of operating intelligently, independently, and adaptively.

AI algorithms in robotics translate sensor data into usable representations, select appropriate responses and actions, and refine behavior through trial-and-error learning. This artificial intelligence grants robots the ability to comprehend vocal commands, recognize objects, map unfamiliar terrain, respond to anomalies in real time, and make situationally appropriate decisions without human oversight. AI transforms rigid automatons into dynamic systems that can adapt to varied contexts and challenges in human-like ways. It facilitates complex behavior like locate and grasp objects, navigate through crowds, respond politely to inquiries, and comply with safety protocols.

The fusion of AI and robotics sciences is producing robots with growing autonomy. As algorithms improve, less explicit programming is required for robots to exhibit intelligent conduct in open-ended real-world scenarios. Robotics strives to mimic elements of human cognition like memory, reasoning, planning, and problem solving for multi-functional versatility. Advancing artificial intelligence that can be transferred to different robotic platforms remains central to creating widely capable and useful intelligent machines.

Why Robotics?

There are compelling technological, economic and humanitarian reasons propelling robotics to the forefront of innovation. Robotics possesses numerous advantages over relying solely on human operators. Robots excel in tasks that are dangerous, repetitive, require great accuracy and consistency, or need superhuman capabilities. Their mechanical accuracy and tireless operation enables mass-production, enhanced safety, and exploration of extreme environments well beyond human physical limits.

Robots can assume monotonous and hazardous jobs that jeopardize human well-being like handling toxic materials, defusing bombs, mining, or exploring harsh terrain. Unlike humans, robots can perform repetitive factory work continuously without tiring or becoming bored by the tedium. Integrating robotic systems into manufacturing bolsters speed, precision, and output volumes. Robots also enable micro-scale production tolerances and consistency unattainable manually for items like computer chips.

For highly precise medical interventions like neurosurgery or retinal microsurgery, a robotic surgeon steadies instruments and scales down movements to sub-millimeter accuracy. This allows otherwise impossible procedures that augment human abilities. Robotic caretakers can lift and support invalids with steady and tireless assistance. Through such applications, robotics protects and enhances human health and safety.

Exploring distant planets, handling nuclear materials, or cleaning up oil spills all pose dangers exceedingly hard to shield people from. Yet robots can be specifically engineered to withstand such conditions. Space probes like the Mars rovers uncover the mysteries of alien worlds no human could yet reach. Robotics is enabling scientific advances and pushing the horizons of human understanding.

What Does a Robotics Engineer Do?

Robotics engineers conceptualize, design, simulate, prototype, test, and deploy robotic mechanisms and systems. They creatively integrate principles from electrical, mechanical, and software engineering to construct innovative robots. While some robotics engineers work in research roles pioneering new technologies, others are directly involved in producing commercial robots.

A robotics engineer begins by analyzing needs and specifying requirements for a robotic solution. This involves strategically identifying the optimal mechanical structure, actuators, energy sources, materials, sensors, controls, and AI capabilities suited for an application. Roboticists then use computer-aided design software to model prototype designs and simulate functionality. Next, physical prototypes are built and optimized through iterative testing.

Vital skills for a robotics engineer include programming proficiency to code the software governing robot actions and responses. This can involve artificial intelligence techniques like neural networks, fuzzy logic, and evolutionary algorithms that allow robots to learn. Mathematical and analytical abilities are needed to develop motion planning algorithms and vision processing solutions. Strong background knowledge in electrical circuits, microprocessors, actuators, transmitters, power systems, and embedded systems enables creating robotic components. Understanding design and mechanical engineering principles is key for constructing the physical structure. Troubleshooting abilities help diagnose and refine prototypes.

Once a robot design is finalized, robotics engineers oversee manufacturing plans and quality assurance. They establish end-user requirements and interfaces so the robot can be operable. Robotics engineers also provide ongoing maintenance to maximize the working lifespan of robotic systems.

How to Become a Robotics Engineer

Aspiring robotics engineers should pursue an undergraduate degree in engineering such as robotics, mechatronics, electrical, aerospace, mechanical, or software engineering. Useful minors include computer science, mathematics, design, and business. A well-rounded engineering foundation across multiple domains is ideal preparation. Hands-on course projects in prototyping designs, using CAD modeling tools, and programming microcontrollers will cultivate practical robot building skills.

Gaining internship experience at university research labs or robotics companies provides invaluable real-world experience. Student teams that compete in robotics challenges offer networking opportunities. Graduates wanting to refine expertise further may pursue a Master's degree specializing in robotics.

When recruiting, companies seek strong programming abilities, so developing fluency in languages like Python, C++, MATLAB, and Linux is key. Having project examples that showcase technical skills provides an advantage. Math proficiency, analytical skills, creativity, and passion for generating innovative solutions are essential.

Communication and teamwork abilities are also vital in this highly collaborative, interdisciplinary field. Lifelong learning to stay abreast of technological advances will keep one's skills relevant. Overall, the most skilled robotics engineers combine broad-based engineering knowledge with adaptable problem-solving.

What is Robotics and Automation?

While closely linked, robotics and automation have distinct focuses. Robotics concentrates on constructing intelligent, programmable machines that can actively sense, process sensory information, and manipulate objects. Automation means replacing human operators with automated systems to complete work processes. It minimizes the need for human effort and supervision to produce and deliver goods.

Industrial automation utilizes control systems and information technologies to automate equipment like assembly lines. It increases accuracy and output over manual methods. Integrating robotics expands the scope of automation. Intelligent robots can automate a wider range of tasks like transporting materials, quality inspection, and predictive equipment maintenance. Their sensor-based adaptability and decision making enable dynamic responses unachievable through static automation alone.

Robotic automation combines the precision, speed, and reliability of automated equipment with the flexibility and intelligence of robots that react and learn. Together, robotics and automation enable optimized, self-regulating production flows. As robotics continues advancing, it will pave the way for fully automated factories and facilities requiring little ongoing human oversight.

Various Types/Branches of Robotics

Robotics is a highly multi-disciplinary field encompassing several specialized branches:

  • Industrial robotics: Stationary or mobile robots assisting in manufacturing, warehousing, material handling, and logistics. Common across assembly lines.
  • Mobile robotics: Robots capable of locomoting across diverse terrains. Used for inspection, transportation, surveillance etc.
  • Medical robotics: Surgical robots, prosthetics, exoskeletons, and robotic aids that enhance healthcare.
  • Bio-robotics: Robots inspired by biological structures and phenomena present in nature.
  • Swarm robotics: Coordinating large numbers of relatively simple robots to accomplish tasks.
  • Soft robotics: Robots constructed from compliant materials that better handle delicate objects.
  • Space robotics: Robots suited to withstand and work in the harsh conditions of space. Critical for space exploration.
  • Nano-robotics: Microscopic scale robots smaller than a millimeter programmed to manipulate tiny objects or travel through the bloodstream.
  • Lego robotics: Robots constructed from lego components to introduce younger students to robotics in a fun, interactive way.
  • Home automation and consumer robotics: Robotic technology aimed for domestic use like automated vacuum cleaners, lawnmowers, toys, and assistants.
  • Aerial robotics: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and drones capable of flight and navigating through air autonomously.
  • Marine robotics: Robotic submarines, boats, and amphibious vehicles that operate on or under water. Used for ocean exploration and seabed mapping.


Robotics is an expansive and multi-faceted field driving automation to new heights across industries. Integrating robotics enhances manufacturing, healthcare, scientific exploration, infrastructure maintenance, defense, and more while reducing human risk. As artificial intelligence advances, robots are becoming more adaptive, intelligent, and autonomous. Robotics engineers work at the cutting edge to make such automation technologies safe, useful, and collaborative. The future points towards even smarter robotic systems that can cooperate with humans as co-workers and assistants. Robotics promises to extend human capabilities in ways we are only beginning to imagine.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. Which language used in robotics?

The progression of robotic technology has seen significant growth in various sectors, including manufacturing, healthcare, and logistics. This advancement would not have been possible without a designated language to command these robots. Programming languages play an essential role in the development of robotics by providing instructions for efficient task execution. A variety of programming languages such as C++, Java, Python, and MATLAB are utilized for building different aspects within robotic systems. With their capabilities to create intricate algorithms that precisely control robot movements with flexibility for customization based on specific requirements make them crucial tools in the field of robotics.

2. What is stem robotics?

STEM robotics, or Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Robotics, is an interdisciplinary field that merges the principles of science, technology, engineering and mathematics to create advanced robotic systems. It revolves around designing and constructing robots by utilizing skills in coding, electronics engineering and mechanical engineering. The goal of STEM robotics extends beyond technological advancements; it also aims to foster critical thinking, problem-solving abilities and creativity within individuals. This integrated approach not only allows students to explore their interests but also provides them with hands-on experience using cutting-edge technologies commonly used in various industries today. With continuous progress being made in this ever-evolving field, STEM robotics presents a dynamic platform for innovation opportunities as well as career prospects for those driven by scientific solutions.

3. What do you mean by robotics?

Robotics refers to the field of study and development of robots, which are programmable machines designed to perform a variety of tasks. These tasks can range from simple actions, such as moving objects or performing repetitive actions in a factory setting, to more complex functions like precision surgeries or space exploration missions. With advancements in technology driving innovation within the field, robotics is now being utilized for everything from healthcare and education to manufacturing and defense.

4. Who is father of robotics?

Joseph Engelberger, an accomplished American engineer and entrepreneur, is revered as the pioneer of robotics. Through his company Unimation in the 1960s, he spearheaded the development and commercialization of industrial robots. The first mass-produced robot named Unimate was introduced by Unimation which revolutionized manufacturing processes globally. With a remarkable portfolio of over 45 patents associated with robotics and automation technologies, Engelberger's contributions have profoundly impacted various industries including automotive, electronics and healthcare among others. He co-authored multiple books on this subject matter such as Robots: The Quest for Living Machines. Today his legacy lives on through rapid advancements in artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML) and other emerging technologies that continue to shape our world.

5. Which country is at the top in robotics?

Japan is a global leader in the field of robotics, thanks to its rich history of technological innovations and advancements. The country's strong investment initiatives and government support towards research and development have resulted in groundbreaking achievements that have propelled them to the forefront of this industry. Japan boasts a highly skilled workforce, allowing them to continually set new benchmarks for automation processes across various sectors like healthcare, manufacturing, and transportation. This has not only boosted their economy but also solidified their position as pioneers in shaping future technologies with seamless integration of artificial intelligence into robotic systems.

6. Which country is best for robotics engineering?

Japan, a country renowned for its advanced technology and innovation-driven culture, is the premier destination for those seeking to make their mark in robotics engineering. With a strong emphasis on research and development, Japanese universities offer top-notch education in this specialized field. Additionally, Japan boasts a highly skilled workforce and government support for emerging technologies - creating an ideal environment for companies specializing in robotics to flourish. From industrial robots utilized in manufacturing to humanoid robots designed to assist with daily tasks, Japan continues to break barriers and lead global advancements in this dynamic industry. For any aspiring robotic engineer or company looking towards the future of automation, Japan is undoubtedly the optimal choice.

7. What is degree of freedom in robotics?

As a critical aspect of robotic systems, the concept of degree of freedom refers to how many independent variables a robot can control. Put simply, this measure determines a machine's ability to maneuver and manipulate its surroundings through various degrees or directions. A higher number of available movements allows robots to possess greater flexibility and adaptability when completing tasks with utmost precision and accuracy. This crucial feature has made them indispensable assets across multiple sectors such as manufacturing, healthcare, agriculture, logistics and more. With ongoing technological developments, the degree of movement capability in robotics is continuously expanding, giving rise to endless possibilities for these versatile machines.

8. Robotics comes under which branch of engineering?

The field of robotics has been experiencing rapid growth, leading to its crucial role in shaping the future and transforming various industries. As a subset of mechanical engineering, it also incorporates elements from electrical engineering, computer science, and other disciplines. This unique combination makes robotics one of the most thrilling fields for engineers to work in today's constantly evolving technological landscape. The increasing demand for efficiency and constant innovation drive this sector forward at an unprecedented rate – making it an exciting time to be part of this dynamic industry.

9. Which iit is best for robotics engineering?

With a reputation for excellence in academics and top-of-the-line facilities, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur is the premier institution for robotics engineering in India. Its dedicated department focused solely on this field boasts experienced faculty with vast knowledge and expertise, providing students with unparalleled guidance and mentorship opportunities. Additionally, IIT Kanpur has established strong partnerships with renowned industry leaders like Microsoft Research Labs and TCS Robotics Lab to offer valuable practical exposure to aspiring robotic engineers. The institute's all-encompassing approach towards education coupled with its state-of-the-art infrastructure makes it the clear choice for those seeking a career in robotics engineering.

10. Which is better ai or robotics?

AI and robotics are two innovative technologies that have been revolutionizing industries across the globe. Both AI and robotics offer immense potential for enhancing productivity, efficiency, accuracy, and quality in various sectors such as manufacturing, healthcare, transportation, finance among others. However, when it comes to determining which is better between AI or robotics? It ultimately depends on the specific needs of each industry or organization. While robots excel at repetitive tasks with high precision and speed without any need for rest breaks; AI excels in decision-making processes based on vast amounts of data analysis at lightning-fast speeds. In conclusion , both these technologies complement each other's capabilities offering a combination that can bring about remarkable results improving business operations significantly.

11. List the name of the areas where the robotics can be applied?

Robotics has become a thriving industry with limitless potential for application. Its usage spans across various sectors such as manufacturing, healthcare, and agriculture to name a few. It also extends its reach into transportation, construction, entertainment, defense and even space exploration. The integration of artificial intelligence technology with robotics capabilities brings about endless possibilities in new fields that were once unimaginable. Keeping up-to-date on the latest advancements is crucial for businesses looking to stay ahead of their competition in this constantly evolving sector. Investing in robotics not only holds great financial rewards but is also necessary for companies aiming to secure their position as leaders in today's ever-changing market.

12. What is the scope of robotics engineering?

Robotics engineering is a rapidly growing field that presents limitless potential in today's ever-evolving world. As automation becomes increasingly ubiquitous across various industries, the demand for proficient robotics engineers only continues to soar. This dynamic discipline involves conceptualizing, constructing and programming robots capable of efficiently accomplishing an array of tasks. From streamlining manufacturing processes to conducting complex medical procedures or even venturing on exploration missions beyond our planet, the scope of this profession knows no bounds. In addition to utilizing cutting-edge technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML), robotics engineers can opt for specialized career paths like industrial or service robots based on their aptitude and interests - ensuring endless opportunities for growth in this diverse field.


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